by Maggie Amjad

As a senior, I have spent the year working on a Capstone Project to culminate my time in the Center for Civic Engagement. My interest in politics and helping others naturally came together in a project focused on Healthcare in the US, the changes our country is facing, and the direct impact of these changes on Clevelanders. My findings will be published throughout the spring exclusively on HB in Retrospect. The first installment is a comprehensive timeline of the history of government healthcare in the US. Look for an analysis of the Affordable Care Act next week!



  • American Medical Association founded
    • Marks beginning of organized medicine
  • Doctors no longer are expected to provide free hospital services



  • American Association for Labor Legislations starts organizing information on “social insurance”
  • Progressive reformers begin the fight for health insurance



  • Reformers emphasize the cost of medical care. It increased as a result of cleaner, safer and more advanced care.
  • General Motors insures 180,000 of its workers



  • New emphasis on unemployment insurance and old age benefits because of the great depression
    • Social security is established
  • The Blue Cross begins offering private insurance



  • Prepaid group healthcare begins
  • Companies begin to offer health benefits in order to compensate for low wartime wages
    • This is a system that is still basically in place
  • Truman offers proposes a national healthcare plan for all of America
    • Denounced by the American Medical Association- called a communist plot



  • National Healthcare expenditures are 4.5% of the GNP
  • America now has a private insurance system for those who can afford it, and a welfare system for the poor.



  • Price of medical care doubles, making it hard for unemployed and retired to afford care
  • Over 700 insurance companies selling health insurance
  • Medicare and Medicaid signed into law by LBJ



  • Healthcare costs continue to increase
  • Nixon’s national health insurance rejected by liberals and labor unions



  • Healthcare costs rise again
  • Federal Healthcare reform fails to pass in US Congress
  • 44 million americans without health insurance (16% of population)



  • Healthcare costs rise again
  • Medicare is viewed as unsustainable
  • President Obama establishes Office of Health Reform to coordinate administrative efforts on national health reform. 2008
  • 2010: Obama’s Healthcare reform passes (The Affordable Care Act)
  • 2016: Efforts to repeal The Affordable Care Act begin
  • March 2017: 1st bill introduced and then pulled from the house floor
  • May 2017: ObamaCare repeal bill narrowly passes in the House
  • July 2017: Senate rejects the repeal only bill
  • July 2017: Senate votes on a scaled down repeal bill, but does not pass.
  • September 2017: New Obamacare repeal bill released but is quickly rejected even before a vote can happen.


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Posted by:hbinretrospect

Reporting not for school, but for life.

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