Cleveland: The Amazing History Unveiled
By: Sukhmani Kaur
We all live in a city famous for its outrageous weather. It can be dark and cloudy in the first few hours after awakening, sunny for the next few minutes, and then alternating snow and rain till the school hours run out. Not only does Cleveland have diversity in its hourly weather, the populace is diverse as well. Even though one might live minutes to hours away from Downtown Cleveland, the multiplicity of Clevelanders is well known.
Unfortunately, there appears to a uniformity on opinions regarding what kind of a place Cleveland is. “Cleveland is the most boring place on the whole planet!,” “Why did my parents pick this place of all the places they could have chosen to settle down in?,” and “I can’t wait to move to sunny California when I’m older!” are sentences often overheard from grumbling teens. It is because of statements like these that many children remain unaware of the treasures that abound in Cleveland, so here are a few to end the misery of Cleveland winters.
It all began in 1796 when a minuscule village, Cleveland, was founded by General Moses Cleveland (shocker!). At first the city was spelled as “Cleaveland”, however on January 6th, 1831, the 4th letter in the name “a” was removed as the extra letter made it difficult for the full name to properly fit on a newspaper heading. Five years later, Cleveland gained the title of officially being termed a “city.” Fast forward to 1850: the number of inhabitants of Cleveland had increased to 17,000. On September 6, 1868, the first ever “Bessemer Steel” opened in the Cleveland. 1869 was the year of three major accomplishments: the first professional baseball game was played in Forest City, a public library was built, and the Lake View Cemetery opened its gates. In between all of these events, our very own Hathaway Brown was founded in 1876! The first streetcar was driven on the streets of Cleveland in 1888, and as the 19th century came to an end, Cleveland had become the 10th largest city in the nation, with approximately 260,000 residents!
In the 20th century, Cleveland enjoyed a boom of many arts and professions. In the early 1900s, the Cleveland Blues joined the American League. In the 1910s the Playhouse settlement, Cleveland Museum of Art, and the Cleveland Metroparks all became a permanent and active part of the city along with the outstanding sounds of the Cleveland Orchestra. By the 1920s Cleveland had become the 5th most populated city in the nation and its baseball team: Cleveland Indians, won their first world series! Many SREP students here at Hathaway Brown are placed in Cleveland Clinic, which was founded in 1921. In the year of 1936, Cleveland native, Jesse Owens won four gold medals at the Berlin Olympics! The mid-1900s brought the first Rock N’ Roll concert to Cleveland’s shores. The Cleveland Cavaliers joined the NBA in 1970. In the late 1980s, the amazing city was first considered as the site of the world famous Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Wrapping up the 20th century, Cleveland was recognized as an “All-American City” for the 5th time. Sports’ and architectural accomplishments boomed with the opening of the Great Lakes Science Center, Cleveland Browns Stadium, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
In the mighty 21st century, more accomplishments were added to Cleveland’s plaque of honor. Jane L Campbell became the first female mayor in 2002. As per the Economist, four years later, Cleveland was named as “America’s Most Livable Cities” and as one of the best places for business meetings in the Continental US. Chef Michael Simon was named the “Iron Chef” by the Food Network in 2008. In 2009, Cleveland once again hosted the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Ceremony and celebrated the 20th anniversary of the “Parade the Circle.” In 2012, more tourist attractions were added to Cleveland’s list: The Cleveland Aquarium, The Museum of Contemporary Art, and Ohio’s first casino, The Horseshoe. The bustling West Side Market celebrated its centennial year in 2012! In June 2013, Cleveland earned bragging rights to the world with the “Cleveland Convention Center.” Then in October, the “Global Center for Health Innovation” was inaugurated.
Last year, in 2014, Cleveland began its Golden Era. King LeBron James returned to his home team leaving the “Miami Heat” behind. In 2014, the International Gay Games were held in Cleveland and the Playhouse Square was expanded. The Cleveland community plans for 2015 include expanding awareness of Cleveland’s hidden and often overlooked treasures, reaching out to the community, and continuing the Golden Era. Be a proud Clevelander as we go forth into an exciting future!
Sources: http://www.thisiscleveland.com/about-cleveland/history/ ; http://www.dura-bar.com/fluid-power-conference-expo-2010.cfm http://www.50states.com/facts/ohio.htm